The information on these pages is provided in good faith and should be treated as such. If you make use of the information, please acknowledge its source.
The International Society for Electrophysical Agents in Physical Therapy (ISEAPT) is a formal subgroup of the World Congress Physical Therapy (WCPT) and is the leading International organisation concerned primarily with Electro Physical Agents
The Electro Physical Agents and Diagnostic Ultrasound (EPADU) group is a Professional Networks of the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy based in the UK.
DOWNLOAD THE CURRENT VERSION OF THE FRAMEWORK MAP HERE
DOWNLOAD THE EXPLANATORY NOTES HERE
This framework map has been developed on the basis that it should provide a useful resource for therapists (clinicians, researchers, students, academics) from any professional group, in any country. It is an attempt to ‘map’ all the currently used ElectroPhysical Modalities/Agents according to the type of energy being employed. Each modality should appear on the map somewhere, and should only appear once.
The use of trade names, proprietary names and registered trademarks has been deliberately avoided. Where several different ‘names’ or ‘terms’ are used around the world (such as the plethora of terms of electrical muscle stimulation), a single term has been used, being the most generic that I could identify (in the case of muscle stimulation, the adopted term is Neuro Muscular Electrical Stimulation – NMES).
Modalities / application which sit in proximity on the framework would be reasonably expected to generate / achieve similar, though not necessarily identical effects.
The core framework was constructed by Prof Tim Watson and numerous colleagues have contributed and suggested modifications over the last 6 – 9 months resulting in the current version of the framework. The contribution from these colleagues is fully acknowledged and contributors are listed in the Acknowledgements at the end of this document. It is therefore not the conceptual map of just one person – it has been a multi contributor, collaborative development.
THIS IS NOT EXPECTED TO BE THE FINAL VERSION OF THE FRAMEWORK
The reason for releasing it prior to the ‘FINAL’ version is to encourage further discussion, feedback and comment from the wider community of practitioners (of all persuasions) who use, have an interest in or expertise relating to the therapy use of Electro Physical Energies / Agents / Modalities.
There are several issues to which final resolution has not been reached (some of which are listed below to prompt discussion). If the Framework was constructed on a ‘pure’ physics basis, whilst it would be ‘correct’, it turned out not to be as useful to therapists and practitioners. Those looking for a ‘pure’ physics map may need to look elsewhere (or construct their own!).
The Way Forward
In order to achieve the most accurately reflective Framework may, active discussion is encouraged. This is deliberately being developed as a therapy community project rather than a dictate from one or a small group of individuals. It is suggested that the Electrophysical Forum (www.electrophysicalforum.org) is the most logical platform. It is free, open access and anyone can make a contribution. You are STRONGLY ENCOURAGED to express opinions and highlight issues as a means to take this forward and get us closer to a final version. Please do not assume that your comment or opinion is not valid – absolutely not the case.
You are welcome to make whatever use of the current version of the Framework that suits your work BUT PLEASE remember that this is NOT FINAL and is very likely to change. Please DO NOT plan to incorporate the chart (or part thereof) in any publication until we have a final, confirmed version.
In reaching this point, numerous professional colleagues have commented, made suggestions and constructively criticised previous versions. I am indebted to their willingness to invest time and effort. Those who have contributed are listed below (in alphabetical order to avoid any interpretation associated with rank order!). I do not claim that all those listed are in full agreement with the current structure or detail. I do suggest that they have made an active contribution.
Gad Alon; Maryam Al-Mandeel; David Baxter; Alain Bellanger; James Bellew; Ah-Goh Cheng; Lucy Chipchase; Meryl Gersh; Alison Hoens; Luther Kloth; Liisa Laakso; Ethne Nussbaum; Priscilla Poon; Sandy Rennie; Oscar Ronzio; David Selkowitz; Melrose Stewart; Carol Vance.
My sincere apologies if you feel you have made a contribution and are not listed. Please do not take this as a personal affront or academic insult – it is, I assure you, an unintentional error.
Professor Tim Watson
University of Hertfordshire, UK
(Release 2.11 @ 9th Jan 2017)
A wide range of Electrotherapy Courses are delivered throughout the UK, Europe and Worldwide with varying content, aims and duration.
Current books on Electrotherapy with brief descriptions and links to Amazon pages for purchase.
Some common answers to the most frequently asked questions on Electrotherapy, particularly in the area of Contraindications.